340 0 obj Ontario adopted a seed zone system in the 1970s based on G.A. Nitrogen release from green manure plowdown crops better coincides with the N uptake pattern of long-season crops such as corn, potatoes, sunflowers and beans than for cool-season cereals, canola, etc. Stand of red clover in early fall following wheat harvest. 0000106749 00000 n /ID [<7178af5a557be078ae61e5bf1b8bbedb><7178af5a557be078ae61e5bf1b8bbedb>] There are clouds of dust everywhere — from a twenty-foot drill seeding oats, to a floater broadcasting cover crop seed with the fertilizer, Ontario farmers are adopting cover crops in a big way. There are many different species of cover crops, with each kind having different functions and benefits. However, Schneckenburger has noticed a few shortcomings from the tool as well. MAKING IT WORK Box 605 Brockville, Ontario K6V 5Y8 phone (613) 342-8524 fax (613) 342-7544 For information on cover crop varieties and 0000000017 00000 n Depending on the cover crop used, this living ground cover can bank or even produce nitrogen. COUNTY-LEVEL PRECISION stream There are three key learnings from this work: /Filter /FlateDecode 0000003085 00000 n On our farm we chose winter cereal rye as our main type of cover and have been inter-seeding the rye into corn in early September to get it established and growing well before the end of October harvest date. Extension Bulletin E. 2896. That’s why the Cover Crop Decision Tool was developed. “Farming in Eastern Ontario presents many challenges for implementing cover crops into the tighter crop rotation,” he says. A new, bilingual interactive Cover Crops Selecting Tool was launched in 2014. /PageMode /UseNone In addition to the wealth of knowledge provided by industry experts, climatologists analyzed weather data from a number of locations in the province to establish reliable planting dates for cover crops based on location down to the county level. 324 0 obj Loading. Jake Munroe, Soil Management Specialist (Field Crops) with the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, talks with Dr. Dave Hooker, Associate Professor of Field Crop Agronomy, about Dr. Hooker's early observations from a newly established long-term cover crop trial for field crops at the University of Guelph-Ridgetown Campus. Though some herbicides caused visible injury symptoms to oilseed radish, there was no reduction in oilseed radish stand counts or biomass production. Cover crops, Nutrient management. The strategy was called the Ontario Cover Crops Strategy and focused on four key areas: Research, Policy and Programs, Communication, and Champions. “Goals could be fighting weeds, building nitrogen, controlling erosion… cover crops can help with all of these problems but no one cover crop can do it all. LESSONS FROM THE FIELD. 0000107220 00000 n Some farmers have been using them for decades to help build soil, reduce erosion, graze animals and more. To date, studies 2. 0000089301 00000 n Cover crops have been a part of crop rotations for many years. 0000003161 00000 n According to Dr. Laura Van Eerd, associate professor, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph-Ridgetown, who lead a team of cover crop experts that helped gather information for the Ontario tool, the approach was to first create a comprehensive database of potential cover crop species and mixtures which would be suitable to grow in each province. Cover crops can be used to regulate soil-moisture levels in fields where residue happens to conserve and capture more moisture than the soil can store. Based on a tool previously created for field crops by the U.S. Midwest Cover Crops Council, this new tool was developed for Eastern Canada as a resource for growers to help select the cover crops that would best fit their needs and goals. %%EOF Feb 23, 2021 to Feb 25, 2021. The crop will continue flowering and setting seed until it is killed by frost or some other means. The profile gives cover crop management information such as seeding rate and also outlines potential benefits and limitations, so growers can make informed decisions based on their operation. This Ontario Cover Crops Strategy defines opportunities for increasing cover crop acreage in Ontario and provides a guiding strategy to increase adoption across the province. OAC '59 Future Thinkers Keynote Conversation with Roger Martin (FREE) The earlier harvest date really opens up the options the tool will suggest and you can get much more value from its guidance.”. Schneckenburger says he has used the Midwest Cover Crop Council Cover Crop Decision Tool to help determine which species were the best fit for his situation. Join the editors of Cover Crop Strategies and today's leading cover crop experts Nov. 17-18 for 2-days of productive online learning and networking during the third National Cover Crop Summit. So say the first-year results from a USDA-sponsored soil health demonstration project in northern Iowa. >> endobj The great news is that Drs. … The Upper Thames River Conservation Authority (UTRCA) is pleased to announce that new funding is available to encourage farmers to use cover crops. 0000089259 00000 n 0 /H [ 970 988 ] None of the herbicide treatments injured oilseed radish. 6. However, cover crops can be injured by residues from herbicides used for weed control in the previous crop and cover crops can negatively impact the main cash-generating crop through resource competition. Canada-Ontario Environmental Farm Plan Canada-Ontario Environmental Farm Program Update: For further details on the availability of cost-share funding under the cost-share program associated with the Canada-Ontario Environmental Farm Plan, the Canada-Ontario Farm Stewardship Program (COFSP), please see the Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement (OSCIA) website. >> Annual ryegrass can be successfully established in grain corn at the three- and five-leaf stage of corn, but later planting timings (ie. A new on-line tool is available to Ontario growers and agri-business to help in the selection of cover crops. 2017. ONLINE SELECTION TOOL /Type /Catalog The Farmland Health Check-Up - a new approach facilitates an assessment of challenging areas on-farm, focused on soil health, with specific information on erosion, compaction, organic matter, soil life and soil chemistry. ... To better measure the impact of cover crops on one of their fields, the Zylstras joined the Soil Health Partnership in 2015. STATE COLLEGE, Pa. — Allowing cover crops to grow two weeks longer in the spring and planting corn and soybean crops into them before termination is a strategy that may help no-till farmers deal with wet springs, according to Penn State researchers. 0000091988 00000 n There is a shorter fall growth period than in Ontario. Despite the wealth of benefits that cover crops can bring to the field, a cover crop’s success is dependent on matching the right crop (or mix of crops) for the goal and managing it properly. The “Ontario Cover Crops Strategy” Key Deliverables 1. Commercial, Industrial & Agricultural Products. If you want to retain nitrogen over winter, seeding a grass or cereal, such as cereal rye, can be very … New cover crop funding available. Schneckenburger also noted the tool doesn’t take into account herbicide carryover. Prof. Erin Nelson, University of Guelph Survey of Ontario Custom Farmwork Rates Charged in 2009: Provincial Summary. 0000095044 00000 n All of these contribute positively to your soil’s health and can lead to financial efficiencies over time. 0000003221 00000 n The Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) and the University of Guelph have experimented with applications of MCPA to manage broadleaf weeds in a red clover cover crop. Attend the Fall 2020 Virtual National Cover Crop Summit. So many growers are interseeding cover crops into standing corn or soybeans. By definition, cover crops are planted to protect the soil and contribute to improved soil health. His other areas of research include marketing of agricultural and food products, and economic impacts of agricultural and rural policy. /OpenAction [ 326 0 R /FitH null ] “The water use by the cover crop makes room for future rainfall events. Cover crops have become one of the ag industry’s most exciting and valuable trends in recent years, and for good reason: Covers have been shown to build healthy sustainable soil and contribute to higher crop productivity. /Pages 310 0 R Dr. Darren Robinson, associate professor, University of Guelph-Ridgetown, has been studying incorporating cover crops into corn and soy rotations, as well as researching herbicide injury to cover crops. Farmers looking to incorporate cover crops into rotation are often left with the issue of terminating the crop. With a balanced mix of production, marketing, technology, research, and general interest articles, we provide farmers with valuable information in an easy-to-read format. /N 24 %���� They provide weed control, can provide a nitrogen source and help build organic matter which in turn increases soil structure. /Root 325 0 R Details. https://ontariograinfarmer.ca/2020/02/01/innovative-cover-crop-approaches Two field studies determined the establishment of annual ryegrass in corn. Blogger and seed manager Jenna Langley Blue dives into cover crop varieties and how they relate to soil health . Crops in their farm management – is an extension educator at Penn State University current knowledge related cover. Tighter crop rotation, ” says Jasa enough information, we can it. Harvest window but that is minimal in many farmers ’ rotation plans “ the water by. Successful establishment of annual ryegrass was the only cover crop has a profile specific! 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